Category Archives: english

Infoveranstaltung #WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh

DE – EN – FR

Infoveranstaltung in Vorbereitung auf den 7. Januar 2021, die deutschlandweiten dezentralen Gedenkveranstaltungen unter dem Motto #WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh anlässlich der 16. Todestage von Bruder Laye-Alama Condé und Bruder Oury Jalloh.
 
Wir bitten um organisatorische Anmeldung unter black_community_hamburg@riseup.net – ansonsten wird der Link zur ZOOM-Konferenz am Sonntag auch hier in der Veranstaltung veröffentlicht werden…
 
Wir alle wissen, dass rassistische Vorurteile und tödliche Eskalationen repressiver Gewalt direkt miteinander verbunden sind! Der institutionalisierte Rassismus von Polizei und Staat in Politik, Medien, Bildungs- und Sozialeinrichtungen bildet den Nährboden und Grundlage für systemischen wie alltäglichen Rassismus und stellt rassistisch motivierte Diskriminierungen, Übergriffe und Morde als Machtstruktur systematisch straffrei. Während rechtsextremistischer Terror geheimdienstlich gefördert aber strafrechtlich verharmlost wird, können sich Beamte des Staates auf einen ganz grundsätzlichen Rechtsschutz gegenüber strafrechtlicher Verfolgung ihrer rassistischen Verbrechen verlassen!
 
Neben den letzten Entwicklungen im Oury-Jalloh-Komplex mit der Vertuschung 3er Morde im Polizeirevier Dessau – Hans-Jürgen Rose 1997 | Mario Bichtemann 2002 | Oury Jalloh 2005 – möchten wir auch über weitere straffreie Morde an Schwarzen Brüdern und Schwestern hier in Hamburg – Achidi John 2001 | Yaya Jabbie 2016 | Tonou Mbobda 2019 – und deutschlandweit informieren und diskutieren: Bruder Laye-Alama Condé 2005 in Bremen, Kola Bankole 1994 und Aamir Ageeb 1999 auf ihren Abschiebeflügen von Frankfurt/Main, N’deye Mareame Sarr 2001 in Aschaffenburg, Dominique Koumadio 2006 in Dortmund, Mohammad Sillah 2007 in Remscheid, Christy Schwundeck 2011 in Frankfurt/Main, Ousman Sey 2012 in Dortmund, Amos Thomas 2016 in Rohrbach (Bayern), Mikael Haile 2017 in Essen, Rooble Warsame 2019 in Schweinfurt, Sailou Hydara 2020 in Mannheim und wahrscheinlich noch mehr, von denen wir bisher noch nicht erfahren haben…
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EN
Info event in preparation for January 7, 2021, the Germany-wide decentralized commemoration events under the motto #WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh on the occasion of the 16th anniversaries of the deaths of Brother Laye-Alama Condé and Brother Oury Jalloh.
 
We ask for organizational registration at black_community_hamburg@riseup.net – otherwise the link to the ZOOM conference on Sunday will also be published here in the event…
 
We all know that racist prejudice and deadly escalations of repressive violence are directly linked!
The institutionalized racism of police and state in politics, media, educational and social institutions forms the breeding ground and base for systemic as well as everyday racism and systematic impunity of racially motivated discrimination, assaults and murders as a power structure. While right-wing extremist terror is promoted by intelligence services but downplayed under criminal law, state officials can rely on a very basic legal protection against prosecution of their racist crimes!
 
In addition to the latest developments in the Oury-Jalloh-Complex with the cover-up of 3 murders in the Dessau police station – Hans-Jürgen Rose 1997 | Mario Bichtemann 2002 | Oury Jalloh 2005 – we also like to inform and discuss other unpunished murders of Black Brothers and Sisters here in Hamburg – Achidi John 2001 | Yaya Jabbie 2016 | Tonou Mbobda 2019 – and Germany-wide: Brother Laye-Alama Condé 2005 in Bremen, Kola Bankole 1994 and Aamir Ageeb 1999 on their deportation flights from Frankfurt/Main, N’deye Mareame Sarr 2001 in Aschaffenburg, Dominique Koumadio 2006 in Dortmund, Mohammad Sillah 2007 in Remscheid, Christy Schwundeck 2011 in Frankfurt/Main, Ousman Sey 2012 in Dortmund, Amos Thomas 2016 in Rohrbach (Bavaria), Mikael Haile 2017 in Essen, Rooble Warsame 2019 in Schweinfurt, Sailou Hydara 2020 in Mannheim and probably even more we haven’t heard about yet…
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FR
Événement d’information en préparation pour le 7 janvier 2021, les manifestations commémoratives décentralisées à l’échelle de l’Allemagne sous la devise #WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh à l’occasion des 16e anniversaires de la mort du frère Laye-Alama Condé et du frère Oury Jalloh.
 
Nous vous demandons de vous inscrire à l’organisation sur black_community_hamburg@riseup.net – sinon le lien vers la conférence ZOOM de dimanche sera également publié ici à l’occasion de l’événement…
 
Nous savons tous que les préjugés racistes et les escalades meurtrières de la violence répressive sont directement liés !
Le racisme institutionnalisé de la police et de l’État dans la politique, les médias, les institutions éducatives et sociales constitue le terreau et la base du racisme systémique et quotidien et de l’impunité systématique de la discrimination, des agressions et des meurtres à motivation raciale en tant que structure de pouvoir. Alors que le terrorisme d’extrême droite est encouragé par les services de renseignement mais minimisé par le droit pénal, les fonctionnaires de l’État peuvent compter sur une protection juridique très élémentaire contre les poursuites de leurs crimes racistes !
 
En plus des derniers développements dans le complexe Oury Jalloh avec la dissimulation de 3 meurtres au poste de police de Dessau – Hans-Jürgen Rose 1997 | Mario Bichtemann 2002 | Oury Jalloh 2005 – nous aimons également informer et discuter d’autres meurtres impunis de frères et sœurs noirs ici à Hambourg – Achidi John 2001 | Yaya Jabbie 2016 | Tonou Mbobda 2019 – et dans toute l’Allemagne : Frère Laye-Alama Condé 2005 à Brême, Kola Bankole 1994 et Aamir Ageeb 1999 sur leurs vols d’expulsion de Francfort-sur-le-Main, N’deye Mareame Sarr 2001 à Aschaffenburg, Dominique Koumadio 2006 à Dortmund, Mohammad Sillah 2007 à Remscheid, Christy Schwundeck 2011 à Francfort-sur-le-Main, Ousman Sey 2012 à Dortmund, Amos Thomas 2016 à Rohrbach (Bavière), Mikael Haile 2017 à Essen, Rooble Warsame 2019 à Schweinfurt, Sailou Hydara 2020 à Mannheim et probablement encore plus dont nous n’avons pas encore entendu parler…

#WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh Davidwache Hamburg

DE | EN below | FR en bas de page

#WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh – 7. Januar 2021 – Davidwache

2021 – 16. Jahrestag des Mordes an unserem Bruder Oury Jalloh in Dessau

Die Initiative in Gedenken an Oury Jalloh ruft zu einem dezentralen Gedenk- und Protesttag am Donnerstag, den 7. Januar, dem 16. Jahrestag der Ermordung Oury Jallohs auf. Jahrestag der Ermordung von Oury Jalloh auf. In Übereinstimmung damit rufen wir zu einer Gedenkkundgebung im Gedenken an Oury Jalloh und alle anderen Opfer von besonders tödlicher Polizeigewalt und anderen Formen rassistischer, institutioneller Tötungen mit Straffreiheit vor der Davidwache von 17 bis 20 Uhr auf.

Oury Jalloh wurde am 7. Januar 2005 von Dessauer Polizeibeamten rechtswidrig festgenommen, illegal inhaftiert, brutal gefoltert, schwer verletzt und anschließend an Händen und Füßen an eine feuerfeste Matratze gefesselt und bis zur Unkenntlichkeit verbrannt. Die Täter behaupteten sofort, Bruder Oury Jalloh habe sich selbst verbrannt. Bis heute – 16 Jahre nach seinem brutalen und qualvollen Tod – ist der Mord an Bruder Oury Jalloh weder geklärt, noch sind die Täter angeklagt oder verurteilt worden, obwohl die vorliegenden Beweise die angebliche „Selbstverbrennungshypothese“ eindeutig ausschließen. Obwohl die vorliegenden Beweise die angebliche „Selbstverbrennungshypothese“ schlüssig ausschließen, behaupten Staatsanwälte und Richter nach wie vor, es gäbe keine „faktischen Beweise“ für einen Mord.

Der Mord an Oury Jalloh ist nicht der einzige ungeklärte im Dessauer Polizeirevier – bereits 1997 wurde Hans-Jürgen Rose von Polizeibeamten zu Tode gefoltert und Mario Bichtemann 2002 in der gleichen Zelle Nr. 5 des gleichen Polizeireviers zu Tode geprügelt. 5 desselben Polizeireviers im Jahr 2002 zu Tode geprügelt.

Die Initiative in Gedenken an Oury Jalloh kämpft seit 2005 für Aufklärung und Gerechtigkeit in diesem Fall und hat mehrere umfangreiche und schlüssige Gutachten vorgelegt, die eindeutig belegen:   Oury Jalloh – das war MORD!

Oury Jalloh – nicht nur in Dessau, sondern auch hier in Hamburg!

Im Dezember 2001 wurde Achidi John verhaftet und im UKE durch die Brechmittel-Foltermethode getötet, was wir als ein weiteres Beispiel für institutionelle und polizeiliche Brutalität gegen Schwarze Menschen ansehen. Im Februar 2016 wurde Yaya Jabbie verhaftet und in der Untersuchungshaft getötet, was ohne nachvollziehbare Untersuchungen einfach als Selbstmord bezeichnet wurde. In ganz Deutschland gibt es viele, viele weitere solche Polizeimorde an unseren Schwarzen Schwestern und Brüdern, die alle ungestraft geblieben sind – von Bruder Kola Bankole (1994) und Mareame N’deye Sarr (2001) bis zu Christy Schwundeck (2011) und Mikael Haile (2017).

Am selben Tag, dem 7. Januar 2005, starb in Bremen unser ebenfalls sierra-leonischer Bruder Laye-Alama Condé, nach einer gewaltsamen Brechmittel-Folterprozedur am 27. Dezember 2004 – das Gerichtsverfahren gegen den Arzt, der Bruder Condé das Brechmittel und Wasser in die Lunge eingeflößt hatte, wurde 2013 wegen seiner „Verhandlungsunfähigkeit“ eingestellt. 

Und es gibt noch weitaus mehr Opfer rassistischer Polizeigewalt und straffreier Todesfälle in Gewahrsam innerhalb anderer migrantischer Communities jenseits unserer Schwarzen Community: Die Morde von Halim Dener (1994) bis Amad Ahmad (2018) oder Adel B. und Aman Alizada (2019), die nach Aufklärung und Rechenschaft schreien. Wir stehen gemeinsam gegen den systemischen Rassismus und die Kontinuität dieser staatlichen Tötungen.

An diesem 16. Jahrestag des Todes von Bruder Oury Jalloh und Bruder Laye-Alama Condé wollen wir nicht nur ein deutliches Zeichen gegen den anti-Schwarzen Rassismus in Polizei, Justiz und staatlichen Institutionen setzen, sondern mehr denn je gegen Polizeigewalt in all ihren Formen protestieren. Wir rufen alle Brüder und Schwestern, antirassistische Freunde und Organisationen auf, sich uns vor der historischen Davidwache in St. Pauli anzuschließen. Die berühmteste Polizeiwache Hamburgs ist ein Wahrzeichen für gewalttätige repressive und kriminalisierende Maßnahmen, die von der Hamburger Justiz meist stillschweigend sanktioniert werden. Hier haben Brutalität und Profiling gegen Schwarze Menschen in Hamburg eine besondere „Heimat“.

Wir alle wissen, dass rassistische Vorurteile und tödliche Eskalationen repressiver Gewalt direkt miteinander verbunden sind! Der institutionalisierte Rassismus von Polizei und Staat in Politik, Medien, Bildungs- und Sozialeinrichtungen bildet den Nährboden und Grundlage für systemischen und alltäglichen Rassismus in der Bevölkerung und insbesondere der erstarkenden, organisierten Rechten in Hamburg, Deutschland, Europa und weltweit.

#HamburgRemembersOuryJalloh #Davidwache0701

Rassismus ist keine „Meinung“, sondern ein organisiertes Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit!

BLACK COMMUNITY Koalition für Gerechtigkeit & Selbstverteidigung | Freunde von Oury Jalloh Hamburg

2021-01-07_WeneverforgetOuryJalloh_Davidwache_DE_1Seite

EN

#WeNeverForgetOuryJalloh – January 7, 2021 – Davidwache

2021 – 16th Anniversary of the Death of our Brother Oury Jalloh in Dessau

The Initiative in Remembrance of Oury Jalloh calls for a Day of decentralized Commemoration and Protest on Thursday, January 7, of the 16 anniversary of Oury Jalloh’s murder. In accordance, we call out for a remembrance Rally in commemoration of Oury Jalloh and all other victims of especially deadly police violence and other forms of racist, institutional killings with impunity in front of Davidwache from 5 to 8pm.

Oury Jalloh was unlawfully arrested by Dessau police officers on January 7, 2005, illegally detained, brutally tortured, severely injured and then tied by his hands and feet to a fireproof mattress and burned beyond recognition. The perpetrators immediately claimed that Brother Oury Jalloh had burned himself. To this day – 16 years after his brutal and agonizing death – .Although the available evidence conclusively excludes the alleged „self-inflicted combustion hypothesis“ the murder of Brother Oury Jalloh has not been clarified, nor have the perpetrators been charged or convicted. Although the available evidence conclusively excludes the alleged „self-inflicted combustion hypothesis“ prosecutors and judges still claim that there would be no „factual evidence“ for a murder.

The murder of Oury Jalloh is not the only unsolved one in the Dessau police station – already in 1997 Hans-Jürgen Rose was tortured to death by police officers and Mario Bichtemann was beaten to death in the same cell no. 5 of the same police station in 2002.

The Initiative in Remembrance of Oury Jalloh has been fighting for clarification and justice in the case since 2005 and has presented several extensive and conclusive expert opinions that clearly prove:     Oury Jalloh – This was MURDER!

Oury Jalloh – not only in Dessau but also here in Hamburg!

In December 2001, Achidi John was arrested and killed in the UKE through the emetic torture-method which is again an example of institutional and police brutality and in February 2016 Yaya Jabbie was arrested and killed in custody intransparently labeled suicide. Throughout Germany there are many, many more police killings of our Black Sisters and Brothers, all of which have gone unpunished – from Brother Kola Bankole (1994) and Mareame N’deye Sarr (2001) to Christy Schwundeck (2011) and Mikael Haile (2017).

Even on the very same day January 7th 2005 another Sierra Leonean fellow Brother Laye-Alama Condé died in Bremen after a forceful and violent emetic torture procedure on December 27th 2004 – court procedures against the medical doctor instilling emetic fluid and water into Condé’s lungs were finally suspended in 2013 due to inability of the defendant to stand further trial.  

And there are far more victims of racist police violence and deaths in custody with impunity within migrant communities beyond our Black community from Halim Dener (1994) to Amad Ahmad (2018) or Adel B. and Aman Alizada (2019) that need to be shouted out for clarification and accountability. We stand as one against the systemic racism and the continuity of state killings.

On this 16th anniversary of Brother Oury Jalloh’s and Brother Laye-Alama Condé’s death, let us send a clear signal not only against anti-Black racism in the police, judiciary and state institutions but also react now more than ever against police brutality in all its forms. We call on all Brothers and Sisters, anti-racist friends and organizations to join us  in front of the historic Davidwache in St. Pauli. The most famous police station in Hamburg stands as a landmark for violent repressive and criminalizing measures sanctioned by the Hamburg judiciary. This is where brutality and profiling against Black people in Hamburg have a special „home”.

We all know that racist prejudices and deadly escalations of repressive violence are directly connected!. Police and state as well as institutionalized racism in politics, media, educational and welfare institutions form the breeding ground and the corner stones for systemic and everyday racism within the general population and especially of the strengthening, organized right in Hamburg, Germany, Europe and worldwide.

#HamburgRemembersOuryJalloh  #Davidwache0701

Racism is not an „opinion“, but an organized crime against humanity!

BLACK COMMUNITY Coalition for Justice & Self-Defense | Friends of Oury Jalloh Hamburg

2021-01-07_WeneverforgetOuryJalloh_Davidwache_EN_1page1 

FR

#NejamaisoublierOuryJalloh – 7 Janvier 2021 – Davidwache

2021 – 16ème anniversaire de la mort de notre frère Oury Jalloh à Dessau

L’Initiative en mémoire de Oury Jalloh appelle à une journée décentralisée de commémoration et de protestation le jeudi 7 janvier, à l’occasion du 16e anniversaire de l’assassinat de Oury Jalloh. En conséquence, nous appelons à un rassemblement en mémoire de Oury Jalloh et de toutes les autres victimes de violences policières particulièrement meurtrières et d’autres formes d’assassinats racistes et institutionnels en toute impunité, devant Davidwache de 17 à 20 heures.

Oury Jalloh a été illégalement arrêté par des policiers de Dessau le 7 janvier 2005, détenu illégalement, brutalement torturé, gravement blessé puis attaché par les mains et les pieds à un matelas ignifuge et brûlé au point d’être méconnaissable. Les auteurs ont immédiatement affirmé que le frère Oury Jalloh s’était brûlé. À ce jour, 16 ans après sa mort brutale et atroce, bien que les preuves disponibles excluent de manière concluante la prétendue „hypothèse de combustion auto-infligée“, le meurtre de frère Oury Jalloh n’a pas été élucidé, et les auteurs n’ont pas été inculpés ni condamnés. Bien que les preuves disponibles excluent de manière concluante la prétendue „hypothèse de combustion auto-infligée“, les procureurs et les juges continuent de prétendre qu’il n’y aurait pas de „preuves factuelles“ pour un meurtre.

Le meurtre d’Oury Jalloh n’est pas le seul non résolu dans le commissariat de police de Dessau – déjà en 1997, Hans-Jürgen Rose a été torturé à mort par des policiers et Mario Bichtemann a été battu à mort dans la même cellule non. 5 du même poste de police en 2002.

L’Initiative en mémoire d’Oury Jalloh se bat depuis 2005 pour la clarification et la justice dans cette affaire et a présenté plusieurs expertises approfondies et concluantes qui le prouvent clairement:    Oury Jalloh – C’était un MEURTRE !

Oury Jalloh – non seulement à Dessau mais aussi ici à Hambourg !

En décembre 2001, Achidi John a été arrêté et tué à l’UKE par la méthode de la torture émétique, ce qui est à nouveau un exemple de brutalité institutionnelle et policière. En février 2016, Yaya Jabbie a été arrêtée et tuée en détention sous une étiquette de suicide. Dans toute l’Allemagne, il y a beaucoup, beaucoup plus d’assassinats de nos frères et sœurs noirs par la police, qui sont tous restés impunis – du frère Kola Bankole (1994) et Mareame N’deye Sarr (2001) à Christy Schwundeck (2011) et Mikael Haile (2017).

Le même jour, le 7 janvier 2005, un autre confrère sierra-léonais, le frère Laye-Alama Condé, est mort à Brême après une violente procédure de torture émétique le 27 décembre 2004. Les procédures judiciaires contre le médecin qui avait instillé du liquide émétique et de l’eau dans les poumons de Condé ont finalement été suspendues en 2013 en raison de l’incapacité de l’accusé à poursuivre son procès. 

Et il y a bien plus de victimes de violences policières racistes et de décès en garde à vue en toute impunité au sein des communautés de migrants que dans notre communauté noire, de Halim Dener (1994) à Amad Ahmad (2018) ou Adel B. et Aman Alizada (2019), qui doivent être criés au secours et à la responsabilité. Nous sommes unis contre le racisme systémique et la continuité des meurtres commis par l’État.

En ce 16e anniversaire de la mort de Frère Oury Jalloh et de Frère Laïc-Alama Condé, envoyons un signal clair non seulement contre le racisme anti-noir dans la police, la justice et les institutions de l’État, mais réagissons aussi maintenant plus que jamais contre la brutalité policière sous toutes ses formes. Nous appelons tous les frères et soeurs, les amis et les organisations antiracistes à se joindre à nous devant la Davidwache historique de St Pauli. Pauli. Le poste de police le plus célèbre de Hambourg est un point de repère pour les mesures violentes de répression et de criminalisation sanctionnées par la justice hambourgeoise. C’est là que la brutalité et le profilage des Noirs à Hambourg ont un „chez-soi“ particulier.

Nous savons tous que les préjugés racistes et les escalades meurtrières de la violence répressive sont directement liés . La police et l’État, ainsi que le racisme institutionnalisé dans la politique, les médias, les établissements d’enseignement et les institutions sociales, constituent le terreau et les pierres angulaires du racisme systémique et quotidien au sein de la population en général et surtout du renforcement, organisé à droite à Hambourg, en Allemagne, en Europe et dans le monde.

#HambourgsesouvientdeOuryJalloh #Davidwache0701

Le racisme n’est pas une „opinion“, mais un crime organisé contre l’humanité!

Coalition de la COMMUNAUTÉ NOIRE pour la justice et l’autodéfense | Les amis de Oury Jalloh Hambourg

2021-01-07_WeneverforgetOuryJalloh_Davidwache_FR_1page

Manifestation #JusticeForMbobdaNOW!

BLACK COMMUNITY COALITION FOR JUSTICE & SELF-DEFENSE

Hamburg, August 14, 2020

The Mbobda family told us that they will not give up the fight for their right to due process of law and for justice for their son and brother. They have a right to a full and public examination of evidence in front of a court with their questions answered about how and why brother Tonou-Mbobda had to die violently.

We stand by the family in their legitimate concern and demand as a matter of public interest a complete and comprehensible clarification of the case in all its dimensions relevant to the rule of law – for reasons of legal security for other Hamburg hospital patients* as well as to provide legal peace for the family and our Black Community.

Family members of Brother Tonou-Mbobda will be present at the protest rally #JusticeForMbobdaNOW on Saturday, August 15, 2020 at Johannes-Brahms-Platz. Let us all send a powerfully united sign into the Black Community that we can and will no longer accept the racist cover-up and impunity of murderous crimes against Black people!

#ENOUGH_is_ENOUGH

#BlackLivesMatter in Hamburg and everywhere!

#TouchONE – #TouchALL

Why you cannot see racism at all?

ZEIT ONLINE July 29th 2020

Racism: „The blacker a person, the more carefulness is neglected“

DE: Warum sehen Sie eigentlich keinen Rassismus?

William Tonou-Mbobda died in the UKE after being restrained. In this interview, Black Community activists explain why they think this is institutional racism.

Interview: Félice Gritti

https://www.zeit.de/hamburg/2020-07/rassismus-psychiatrie-patient-sicherheit-hamburg/komplettansicht

More than a year ago the psychiatric patient William Tonou-Mbobda died after the security service of the UKE forcefully fixed him. The incident has not yet been legally clarified, the investigation is still ongoing. The Black Community Coalition for Justice and Self-Defense, a group of Black activists, considers the case an example of institutional racism. We spoke to Oloruntoyin Manly-Spain and Mwayemudza Ndindah about the accusations they are making – and what the case means to them personally. At their own request, the two will appear in the rest of this interview under their activist names „Sister Oloruntoyin“ and „Brother Mwayemudza“.

ZEIT ONLINE: For more than a year, you have been pushing for clarification of the death of William Tonou-Mbobda, who died at the UKE after security guards had detained him. You see racism in this case. Where, exactly?

Sister Oloruntoyin: It is important to differentiate: We mean institutional racism, not interpersonal. Institutional racism is not necessarily intentional, it has to do with bias and unconscious beliefs, but it creates structures that lead to black people being treated worse. Even in hospitals.

ZEIT ONLINE: Hospitals have not yet been at the centre of the debate on racism.

Sister Oloruntoyin: At the beginning of the 1990s, a young black man died in Broadmoor Hospital in England, after which the so-called „Blackwood Report“ was produced. This described a culture within that hospital that was based on White European norms and expectations. According to the report, this resulted in a subtle, altogether covert form of institutional racism – which was nevertheless effective and played a major role in the treatment of the patient.

ZEIT ONLINE: How do you know that the same thing happened in the case of William Tonou-Mbobda?

Sister Oloruntoyin: First of all, there has been no official apology from the UKE to the family of William Tonou-Mbobda to date. That would have been the least we could have expected, but it’s not the only point. According to the autopsy report, William Tonou-Mbobda would not have died if he had not had a heart defect. Had there been a thorough nmedicaeion on admission, the heart defect would have been discovered earlier. A heart defect is a risk factor – it should also play a role in the decision whether to order coercive measures or not. And if one orders and exercises coercion, then there are certain rules for this, such as the S3 guideline …

ZEIT ONLINE: … which recommends, among other things, that when lying on the ground. people should be restrained face up, which was obviously not the case with William Tonou-Mbobda …

Sister Oloruntoyin: … and the UKE has violated these rules in this case. We cannot and will not simply accept this.

Brother Mwayemudza Ndindah: There are more points to it. The confirmation to the request for coercive treatment was not conferred yet at the time. Self-endangerment or extraneous endangerment was neither given nor documented – we spoke to a doctor after the incident, William Tonou-Mbobda did not attack or hurt anyone according to this. The security personnel was not deployed in the presence of a doctor either. Then the public prosecutor’s office commissioned the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the UKE with the autopsy, and the director of the institute, Professor Püschel, accepted the assignment – although there was a conflict of interest. Furthermore, according to our information, William Tonou-Mbobda’s name was misspelled at the time of admission, despite his health insurance card. This later led to the fact that his sister was not allowed to provide legal guardianship for her brother.

ZEIT ONLINE: This may be a worrying accumulation of mistakes, but is it racism?

Brother Mwayemudza: These are systemic mechanisms of action that are not necessarily linked to a malicious intention of the individual. But that’s the way racism works – and that’s what we mean when we talk about institutionalized racism. These chains of error are only possible when it concerns a person of minor importance, and the blacker a person, the more likely it is to be so. The more likely it is that care and standards will be neglected.

ZEIT ONLINE: Nevertheless, many people would probably respond: All this could’ve happened to a White person.

Brother Mwayemudza: This argument only points out that there is something wrong with this coercive psychiatric system. And on the other hand, it still does not exclude the possibility that institutional racism have played a role in this particular case. There are various factors that lead to people being less careful, paying less attention, showing less empathy – institutional racism is not the only one, but it is one of these factors. The debate suffers from the fact that this kind of racism is not recognized, is denied.

Sister Oloruntoyin: But if racial prejudice against Blacks is not acknowledged, both at an individual and structural level, then it is difficult to address the inequalities that exist in the health sector, particularly in the field of mental health. There would be a need for nationwide cultural awareness programs for hospital staff, combined with anti-racism and de-escalation training. Black communities must also be involved.

ZEIT ONLINE: But again, the question: What is the basis of your conviction that in the case of William Tonou-Mbobda not only mistakes were made, but racism was at work? Do you basically assume that racism works in all institutions?

Brother Mwayemudza: Counter-question: Could you prove the absence of White superiority arrogance when – as in the present case – a series of omissions and errors have been committed against a Black patient and his family that are in conflict with medical diligence, existing guidelines and an ostensibly responsible corporate culture? Racism has a systemic effect and is based on the conviction of one’s own superiority, and possibly also one’s own infallibility – both individually and institutionally. The accumulation of errors to the detriment of one and the same patient cannot be explained without a corresponding structural background. In addition, there is the ignorant and disrespectful behavior towards the Black Family and the absolute blindness to errors after the incident, although the UKE’s actions had fatal consequences. Here, the institution UKE has acted structurally derogatory and thus racist at all levels, from the careless admission examination to the unattended, lethal use of disproportionate force to the criminalizing crisis management at the expense of the killed patient and his relatives.

Sister Oloruntoyin: If we are honest: Racism and the idea of White supremacy are the basis of all institutions of this German society. This is not only our subjective experience, but also a finding that is repeatedly made by international bodies such as the UN Working Group of Experts on the situation of People of African Descent during a visit to Germany in February 2017 or in the regular reports on Germany by the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) – most recently in March 2020. When we speak of institutionalized racism, we shift the focus to how organizations work for or against ethnic minorities and how the services of these institutions are experienced by us. We are talking about systematic discrimination and structurally discriminatory practices. The most common form of „White supremacy“ is not openly fascist neo-Nazi groups, but the silent agreement of the majority society to privilege White interests.

ZEIT ONLINE: How tiring is it for you to conduct this debate?

Brother Mwayemudza: If someone can’t understand what racism feels like because he or she is not affected by racism, but then says: racism doesn’t exist – then this is an arrogance and ignorance that reinforces the already existing experience of being worth less.

ZEIT ONLINE: The other day, the Federal Minister of the Interior Horst Seehofer said that racism in the German police force only occurs in isolated cases and therefore no study is needed.

Brother Mwayemudza: Horst Seehofer also spoke of migration as the mother of all problems and of defending the German social systems against immigration down to the last bullet. In this respect, one can already see how this man is positioning himself. That is one thing – the other is structural: precisely that denial of racism, historical and contemporary, structural. Not only Mr Seehofer is involved in this, but also the Interior Ministers of the Federal States and large sections of the police force.

ZEIT ONLINE: Germany likes to take advantage of having come to terms with its past. What do you mean when you speak of historical denial?

Brother Mwayemudza: Racism was already established before German fascism. It emerged as an ideology of justification for colonialism, for colonial crimes. But this connection is still not made today: The pretense is that fascism came from Braunau, historically out of nowhere. This missing link has led to the fact that colonialism and racism have never really been dealt with in Germany. There is a lack of recognition of this heritage and of the fact that for this very reason there are significantly more female racists than male fascists.

ZEIT ONLINE: With what consequences for the present?

Brother Mwayemudza: As long as it is not recognized, nothing is done about it. Then all racist incidents end up in the individual case drawer. There is a mechanism at work here that is called cognitive dissonance in psychology – if you deny you don’t have to change. In this respect, Mr Seehofer’s statements are classic examples of how racism works: Denial is an essential part of its reproduction.

ZEIT ONLINE: What does this mean for all those affected by racism?

Brother Mwayemudza: This denial is devaluation. When you say we don’t need a study of racism, for example in the police force, you are saying: the people affected by racism are not even worthy of at least studying the phenomenon. This is then obviously a system that is politically intended: people are criminalized or even mistreated and killed because of the color of their skin, but those responsible for it have nothing to fear, let alone punishment. Instead, the police are declared victims of racism accusations – this is structural perpetrator-victim-reversion …

ZEIT ONLINE: Back to William Tonou-Mbobda: What did his death mean to you personally?

Sister Oloruntoyin: The case has shown us that as Black people we are not safe. As I stood by the bed of William Tonou-Mbobda in the intensive care unit at UKE, I thought of my younger brothers. I said to myself: That’s incredible! We Blacks know that the German institutions are racist – and yet we are always shocked by such incidents. It is painful and traumatic that this „tragic“ case, this „catastrophe“, as Katharina Fegebank called it in the Science Committee, is part of a history that repeats itself again and again.

ZEIT ONLINE: What incidents do you think of when you talk about this story?

Sister Oloruntoyin: Mareame Sarr and Christy Schwundeck were shot to death by German police officers, Oury Jalloh was burned to death in a Dessau police cell, Achidi John died in the UKE from a coercive emetic instillation into his lungs. We also think of the murders of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor and many others in the USA. When we are struck by such racist disasters, which apparently seem quite natural to the white majority society, we are always hit very hard. It’s hard to sleep after such incidents. It’s hard to focus. It takes a while to process the shock and to calm down again.

TIME ONLINE: How do you handle it?

Sister Oloruntoyin: As the Black Community Coalition for Justice and Self-Defense, we offer psychosocial support and provide safe spaces where Black people can work through common traumas. Black people have been organizing themselves again and again, fighting racism for more than 500 years. However, overcoming systemic racism is ultimately the task of the White majority society, including its authorities and institutions.

ZEIT ONLINE: And how, in your view, can such an overcoming be achieved?

Sister Oloruntoyin: In any case, not without consistent criminal prosecution within reasonable time frames. It is crippling to have to wait again and again for impunity, for the next miscarriage of justice. Because the case of William Tonou-Mbobda has shown us this too so far: no one is held actually responsible when institutional action has fatal consequences.

ZEIT ONLINE: The prosecution would argue the investigation is ongoing.

Sister Oloruntoyin: For more than a year now?! It’s hard for us to understand why it takes so long to press charges in a case that took place in broad daylight in front of numerous witnesses. And if it takes that long, we would at least expect some reasonable explanation.

Brother Mwayemudza: It is well known that the main investigations were already completed last fall. Still no charges have been brought up so far. For us, this again shows which perspectives are apparently not important at all: the perspective of William Tonou-Mbobda’s family, the perspective of the people affected.

ZEIT ONLINE: Do you feel that you are heard in the public debate surrounding the case?

Brother Mwayemudza: Black voices have been heard, but this is mainly because from the beginning we have taken up this case, made it public and scandalized it. We were not surprised by the vehemence of the defensive reactions. We used the nasty R-word, called Racism. That was it: a naming, not just an accusation. Yet one is systematically pushed into the irrational corner.

ZEIT ONLINE: Do you mean that you are not taken seriously?

Brother Mwayemudza: What the UKE says, what the public prosecutor’s office says is left unquestioned. That is official authority – no interpretation. What we say as affected persons, is permanently being questioned: Where do you get off saying that? Why do you assume racism at work? Conversely, other questions would be justified and even more purposeful: How could it have come about in the first place? And: Why you cannot see racism at all?